أبو خليل القباني (1833 – 1903م) من أعلام سوريا رائد المسرح العربي ورائد المسرح الغنائي العربي، هو أحمد أبو خليل بن محمد آغا بن حسين آغا آقبيق ولد في دمشق – سورية عام1833 م.و توفي سنة 1952م
Abu Khalil Qabbani (1835-1902) (Arabic: أبو خليل القباني) is a Syrian playwright and composer. He is considered the founder of the short musical play (the operetta) in Arabic theatre. His play Abu al-Hassan al-Mughaffal caused a wave of protest as a result of his mockery of Caliph Harun al-Rashid, and ended with a decree by the Ottoman government to close his theatre and prevent theatrical performances in Syria. Qabbani left for Egypt and produced his plays there until 1900. He returned to Syria and died two years later in 1902. He is considered the “father of Syrian theatre”, and has influenced later generations including the famous Duraid Lahham. His brother is the grandfather of Nizar Qabbani.